肺癌飲食照護

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營養與癌症之間有著密不可分的關連。

吃的好、吃的對,可以輔助治療成效,讓每一次的化療療程順利完成,加快修復遭藥物破壞的細胞,降低減少副作用

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肺癌

肺癌死亡率蟬聯十大癌症之首多年,原因在於肺癌初期是沒有症狀的,通常有75%的肺癌病人確診時已為中、晚期。

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肺癌晚期症狀

呼吸短而急促

因為肺泡有效換氣量下降,導致患者有喘咳、呼吸短而急促、疲憊感遽增的情形。

體態明顯消瘦

患者進食的慾望也會跟著降低,人體意識到進食量不足,會分解瘦體組織以供應每天基本能量消耗,

此惡性循環不斷的進行,大多數的患者會因為營養不良而無法繼續生存。

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示範菜單

晚期肺癌病人飲食計畫

足夠的熱量、蛋白質

補充足夠的熱量、蛋白質,防止身體組織被分解。

提高餐點中脂肪的比例

減低食物被人體代謝後產生二氧化碳的量,進一步改善病人喘咳的情況。

軟質、塊狀的食物

提供軟質、或是將食材剪成小塊、丁狀、末狀,減輕咀嚼的費力感。

高營養密度

提供高營養密度的餐食,患者有限的食慾下提供最完整的營養素。

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